The word “autism” – even before it was incorporated to identify this neuro developmental disability meant, “escape from reality”. Individuals with classical autism show three types of symptoms:
- Impaired social interaction,
- Problems with verbal and nonverbal communication and imagination,
- Unusual or bizarre activities and interests.
- Autism is a disability for the management of which mainstream medicine still searches for clear cut answers.
After a careful study and an in depth analysis, we at D.O.A.S.T.1 devised and applied integrated therapy, for autism spectrum disorders. Integrated therapy is a fusion of time tested methods of our ancient Indian medical techniques, applied in synergy with latest findings of mainstream research. The components of the integrated therapy module are chosen therapeutic techniques and drugs from Indian medical systems like, ayurveda, siddha and yoga practiced for centuries in India. Components of the integrated therapy successfully tackle each one of the causes of autism. Therapy is aimed at ameliorating the symptoms of autism to facilitate better training.
Neuro-psycho behavioral studies of the subjects undergoing therapy are done using common analytical parameters and universally accepted rating scales. The observational study is done at their home, travel and school surroundings to obtain a complete idea about their behavioral improvement. The study also includes school reports and reports from other therapists (such as Occupational and Speech) who remain blind to the study and the intervention. CARS2 and ATEC3 are the assessment tools used. The patients are carefully monitored to observe whether this in-vivo approach clinically improves the sleep and behavior in different surroundings. The improved rating scores obtained are considered as indirect evidence to the effectiveness of integrated therapy in controlling systemic inflammation. Whether the control of systemic inflammation, leads to effective control of cytokine release and reduced inflammatory neuroglial damage requires further investigation utilizing the tools of biotechnology and advanced imaging techniques.
Combined with the available technological innovations of bio-technology and imaging techniques, this simple non-invasive therapeutic protocol can be used to identify the role of neurotransmitters in ASD.
The components of the Integrated therapy are Yoga, Oleation therapies and sidhha medicines. The therapies are carried out through one to one interaction. All the patients are started on siddha based herbal medications from the day one. The technique of yoga practiced in the DOAST treatment protocol is a combinatorial approach adopting the best of techniques from different schools of yoga. Ingenious training techniques are devised by our team to get these individuals practice asanas. Initially the individual is coaxed into asanas by passive manipulation. Progressively they improve to execute and maintain asanas through copying and execution on command. With the mood swings and behavior patterns which are the hallmark of ASD, their improved compliance is a validation of their clinical improvement. It is a measure of the improvement, in their memory recall and executive abilities.
Initiation into therapy after preliminary clinical – biochemical assessment and CARS rating. On fixed time slots patient spends 3 hours a days for 6 days a week Monday to Saturday. Time spent in the centre is split between Yoga – Oleation therapy – Occupational therapy and Communication therapy.
Pertinent biochemical parameters are tested for follow up safety.