Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) was launched with the objective to achieve Universalization of
Elementary Education and fulfill the constitutional mandate of providing free and
compulsory education for life to the children of age group 6-14 years. The reduction in drop
out and repetition rate, enhancement in the achievement levels and making learning joyful are
some of the objectives of SSA. It was felt that use of Information and Communication
Technology (ICT) and computers in the form of Computer Aided Learning (CAL) may help
in achieving the said objectives. Keeping this in view, a component of computer education
was kept under the Functional Head of ‘Innovation’ in the framework of SSA. Under this
component there is a provision of Rs.50 lakh per district per year available to the States for
2. Department of School Education & Literacy, with the objective to strengthen the CAL
programme, constituted a Committee for formulation of Guidelines for Computer (IT)
Education under SSA at elementary stage. The Committee, in its report has deliberated on the
national and international status of CAL at elementary and primary level, suggested
interventions for CAL under SSA, provides estimates of population which needs to be
covered under the programme, the level of infrastructure and hardware needed, analysis of
available resources, possibility of mobilization of additional resources and strategies for
implementation of the programme.
3. The main interventions required for introduction of CAL and making use of ICT in
Elementary Education, as suggested by the Committee are training of the teachers, creation of
infrastructure, development and production of State specific e-teaching/ learning material in
local language and sensitization of the State-level statutory bodies like Board of Education
and SCERT. The first & most important tier is for training of teachers and necessary
sensitization of States and their statutory bodies. The second tier suggested creation of
infrastructure, development of e-teaching/learning material and formulation of scheme for
making available additional resources. It was also suggested that pending formulation and
approval of the scheme to mobilize additional resources, the available resources may be
utilized for CAL and use of ICT in elementary education.
4. Role of private sector was considered equally important in not only implementing CAL in
elementary stage but also for mobilizing additional resources. With this in view, workshops
were held with representation from the private sector firms and all State/UT representative.
The objective of the workshops was to review the progress of implementation of the CAL in
States and to develop a public private partnership. The workshops also facilitated the
information sharing on latest developments in the technology forefront. The first CAL
workshop was convened in Bangalore on February 26-27, 2004. This was followed up with
Workshops in Mumbai (August) 12-13, 2004), Hyderabad (June 20-21, 2005), New Delhi
(7.11.2006) and New Delhi (January 9-10, 2009). These workshops also provide a platform
for State Project Directors and representatives of private firms face-to-face so that the former
could specify the problems faced by them in the implementation of CAL in their respective
States, and also the requirement in their States and the later could offer solutions that they
have, if any, and the material – hardware and software – they could provide.
5. In addition to this a brainstorming workshop was organized in 2009 (September 15-16) by
Department of School Education & Literacy with the objective of developing strategies for
Overview on Computer Aided Learning (CAL) under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan: Page 2 of 2
implementation of CAL aligned to promoted pedagogy & quality goals. The workshop was
attended by educationists most of whom were involved in the development of the national
focus group paper on educational technology by NCERT. Besides other suggestions
regarding the implementation of this intervention, the key recommendation of the Resource
Persons was that, “the best strategy to implement & derive positive outcomes from IT
integrated educational delivery mechanisms like CAL is to empower teachers for
development of digital teaching learning material & their use. It is important to understand
that the basis behind use of IT integrated mechanism must not be its mere availability, rather
because of its qualities such as extendibility, reach ability, flexibility, interactivity that can
overcome the situational gaps in teaching learning process”. It was also suggested by the
resource persons that as these digital resources have immense power to reveal real life
situations that, no other teaching learning material can do, using them efficiently can be most
effective in difficult situations in teaching learning processes. The precise & innovative use
of ICT capability powered by teachers’ own idea & creativity can perhaps be the mostly
talked about paradigm shift and an approach for accomplishment of the vision of 21st century
teacher role.
5. Due to all these efforts, since inception up till 2009’ March, 67188 schools have been
covered under Computer Aided Learning, 102.61 lakhs children have been benefitted &
capacity building on use of digital teaching learning material has been provided to 1.99 lakh
teachers. Apart from this enormous teaching learning materials in state specific languages
have been developed especially in Mathematics, Science & Languages at upper primary
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