A- Look at these examples:
• Our holiday was too short – the time went very quickly.
• The driver of the car was seriously injured in the accident.
Quickly and seriously are adverbs. Many adverbs are made from an adjective + –ly:
Not all words ending in –ly are adverbs. Some adjectives end in –ly too, for example:
Friendly / lively / elderly / lonely / silly / lovely
B- Adjective or adverb
Adjectives (quick/careful etc.) tell us about a noun. We use adjectives before nouns and after some verbs, especially be:
• Tom is a careful driver, (not ‘a carefully driver’)
• We didn’t go out because of the heavy rain.
• Please be quiet.
• I was disappointed that my exam results were so bad.
We also use adjectives after the verbs look/ feel/ sound etc.
• Why do you always look so serious?
She speaks perfect English
Adjective + noun
Compare these sentences with look:
• Tom looked sad when I saw him. (= he seemed sad, his expression was sad)
Adverbs (quickly/carefully etc.) tell us about a verb. An adverb tells us how somebody does something or how something happens:
• Tom drove carefully along the narrow road, (not ‘drove careful’)
• We didn’t go out because it was raining heavily, (not ‘raining heavy’)
• Please speak quietly, (not ‘speak quiet’)
• I was disappointed that I did so badly on the exam, (not ‘did so bad’)
• Why do you never take me seriously?
She speaks English perfectly.
Verb + object + adverb
Tom looked at me sadly. (= he looked at me in a sad way)
C- W e also use adverbs before adjectives and other adverbs. For example:
– reasonably cheap è (adverb + adjective) – terribly sorry è (adverb + adjective)– incredibly quickly è (adverb + adverb)
• It’s a reasonably cheap restaurant and the food is extremely good.
• Oh, I’m terribly sorry. I didn’t mean to push you. (not ‘terrible sorry’)
• Maria learns languages incredibly quickly.
• The examination was surprisingly easy.
You can also use an adverb before a past participle (injured/ organised/ written etc.):
• Two people were seriously injured in the accident, (not ‘serious injured’)
• The meeting was very badly organised.